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Common Queries and Questions

Here at Green Cal Growers, we're not only growers of medicinal marijuana. We also strive to provide eduction to our customers and dispensaries.

  • Versatile, meaningful FAQ section.
  • Strains and their uses explained.
  • Concentrates.
  • Descriptions and benefits of Terpenes and Cannabinoids
  • What's the difference between Indica's and Sativa's? +

    There are many differences between Indica and Sativa strains. Some are physical differences, some are how they affect the end user.

    When differentiating between different samples of cannabis, there are two main types, or "classifications", that comprise the majority of all marijuana "strains" appearing on dispensary menus. These two types are popularly known as Cannabis Indica and Cannabis Sativa


    • Mainly affects the body
    • Grows in a short, dense plant structure
    • Provides the user with a "heavy body" sensation or "body melt"


    • Mainly affects the mind
    • Tall and skinny plant structure
    • Uplifiting and/or euphoric feelings
  • What is Cannabis Sativa? +

    Cannabis Sativa grows taller and thinner than Indica strains. Sativa strains are thought to have originated in the equatorial con tries of Columbia, Mexico, Thailand, and South East Asia and thrive in warmer weather. The leaves of Sativa are thinner than those of Indica, and are typically a lighter shade of green.

    Sativa plants grow to very lofty heights, upwards of 20 feet when grown outdoors, and have a much longer vegetation period. Once the flowering begins, it can take anywhere from 10-16 weeks to fully mature.

    Sativa plants are typically extremely pungent, with aromas ranging from sweet and fruity, to earthy with undertones of diesel fuel.

    Sativa strains produce an uplifting and cerebral high which usually is very energizing and stimulating. Sativa strains may cause the analysis of the human experience and reactive thinking, which makes Cannabis Sativa very popular among philosophers, artist and musicians. Some Sativa have been found to enhance lights and sounds, making music, movies and the surroundings more vibrant.

  • What is Cannabis Indica? +

    Cannabis Indica are short an d stout (2 - 4 feet tall), and yield higher THC concentrations (~18% THC) and smaller outputs (1.5 to 2.5 ounces per plant) than Cannabis Sativa. The plants are believed to hav originated in the Middle East (Pakistan and Afghanistan), and thrive in cooler environments. Indica strains are typically darker green than saliva, and have shorter, thicker leaves.

    Because the plants grow so short, they are ideal for indoor cultivation. The resulting buds are thick and dense, flowering in shorter time-frame (8 - 12 weeks). The flavors and smells of Cannabis Indica include: pine, pungent skunk, earthy, and a sweet and surgery fruit flavor.

    The effects produced by Indica strains are very relaxing and narcotic-like, providing a full-body, effete. Many use Cannabis Indica after a long day to relieve stress, provide full-body pain relief, and to help them fall asleep at night

    Indica strains are ideal for chronic pain, muscle spasms, anxiety, nausea, appetite stimulation and sleep deprivation. Multiple Sclerosis, Fibromyalgia, Lupus, Sleep Apnea, and Insomnia sufferers tend to benefit from the effects of Cannabis Indica. Patients seeking the ideal Indica to put them straight to sleep, should consider any strain with OG or Kush in its genetics.

  • What is Cannabis Ruderalis? +

    Cannabis Ruderalis is a separate type or strain of cannabis whose potential benefits have only recently been explored. This genus of cannabis grows wild in parts of Eastern Europe and Russia, and is accustomed to cold weather.Ruderalis contains lower percentages of THC, but is frequently cross-bred with saliva strains to produce plants that grow shorter, and can withstand the cold climate of outdoor grows in the north. These hybrids are commonly referred to as auto-flowering strains, because of the short flowering period that Ruderalis carries with it (2 - 3 weeks after germination).

    This strain is typically more resistant to insect infestation and the pressures of disease, and contain high CBD content. The entire lifespan of the plant can be as short as 7 weeks, and are relatively simple to grow.

    Marijuana as a whole, is proving to be a complex plant with endless possible strain combinations, which in turn can be nearly impossible to classify

  • What are Hybrids? +

    A wide range of cannabis strains exists between the three strains, Sativa, Indica, and Ruderalis, of cannabis. These strains are know as "Hybrids" and show traits related to the genetics in its lineage. Hybrids can be broken down into three basic categories:

    1. Sativa-dominant:
      Cerebral high with a relaxing body effect. Provides physical and mental relief
    2. Even Hybrids (50/50):
      Ideal strains for those seeking a balance of head and body.
    3. Indica-dominant:
      These provide for full-body pain relief, with a relaxing head high. Recommended for nighttime use for sleep, or daytime relief from minor pain. These strains are perfect for patients who suffer from autoimmune diseases as well as insomnia or depression
  • What are Terpenes and Terpenoids? +

    Tuepenes are a large class of organic hydrocarbons produced by a wide variety of plants, and are referred to as terpenoids when denatured by oxidation (drying and curing of the flowers). They are the main building block of any plant resin or "essential oils" and are a major contributor to the scent, flavor and color. Certain Terpenes are known to have medicinal values.

    Terpenes are the main class of aromatic compounds found in cannabis and have been proven to interact with cannabinoids to provide a large range of different effects. While many believe it is the THC (delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol) that provides cannabis with its aroma, it is, in fact, the more unstable monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes which are responsible. It's the odor of the specific sesquiterpene, Cayophyllene Oxide, drug dogs are taught to detect.

    Understanding the importance of Terpenes allows the educated user to broaden their approach to searching for new strains based on smell and taste.

    When you hear the term "aromatic", cannabis is not typically the first example that comes to mind. Cooking herbs such as mint, basil, rosemary, sage, tarragon and oregano are considered aromatic plants because of their desired aroma and favor (terpene profile) in the kitchen. Cannabis is no different, however, since there are endless combinations of genetics, the range of terpene profiles is immeasurable.

    Terpenes are the essential building blocks of complex plant hormones, molecules, pigments, sterols and cannabinoids in cannabis. They are responsible for the pleasant, or unpleasant aroma and flavors of cannabis. Over 200 terpenes have been identified in the plant, but only a small minority have actually been studied for their pharmacological effects.

  • What Benefits do Terpenes Provide? +

    Terpenes are known to have their own pharmacological value. As an example, alpha-pinene is an organic compound found in the oils of rosemary and sage as well as many species of pines. Pinene has been found to increase mental foes and energy, as well as act as an expectorant, bronchodialator and topical antiseptic and has been utilized for thousands of years in traditional medicine to retain and restore memory.

    Other terpenes such as limonene have a relaxing effect and are found in anything with a citrus smell such as oranges, lemons, limes, rosemary, and juniper. Limonene is know to have anti-bacterial, anti-depressant and anti-carcinogenic properties.

    Cannabis is also know for possessing a significant amount of the terpene beta-caryophyllene (BCP). This terpene is responsible for activating the CB2 receptor and acts as a non-psychoactive anti-inflammatory. Since it binds to a cannabinoid receptor, beta-caryophyllene is considered a cannabinoid.

  • What are Cannabinoids? +

    Cannabinoids are naturally occurring compounds found in the Cannabis Sativa plant. Of the over 480 different compounds present in the plant, only around 85 are termed cannabinoids.

    The most well known among these complex compounds is the main psychoactive ingredient in cannabis THC (delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol).

    Cannabidiol (CBD) is another important component, making up about 40% of the plant's resin extract.

    Cannabinoids are separated into the following subclasses:

    • Cannabigerols (CBG)
    • Cannabichromenes (CBC)
    • Cannabidiol (CBD)
    • Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)
    • Cannabinol (CBN)
    • Cannabinodiol (CBDL)
    • Cannabicyclol (CBL)
    • Cannabielsoin (CBE)
    • Cannabitriol (CBT)
  • What are the Effects of Cannabinoids? +

    Cannabinoids exert their effects by interacting with specific cannabinoid receptors on the surface of cells. These receptors are found in different parts of the central nervous system and the two primary type of cannabinoid receptors in the body are CB1 and CB2.

    The effects of cannabinoids depends on the brain are involved. Effects on the limbic system may alter the memory, cognition and psychomotor performance; effects on the mesolimbic pathway may affect the reward and pleasure responses and pain perception may also be altered.

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